江苏开放大学大学英语B1形成性考核作业3参考答案

江苏开放大学大学英语B1第三次作业选择题

1、C-1到C-15是未完成的句子,考核所学词汇与语法知识点,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

C-1. —— This case is too heavy for me to carry upstairs.

        —— __________

A、Please ask for help.

B、Let me give you a hand.

C、You may do me a favor.

D、I’d come to do.

标准答案:B学生答案:B

答案解析:此题考查的是交际情境中的提供帮助及应答用语。上句的意思为“这个箱子对我来说太重了搬不到楼上去”,潜台词是需要援手,这时要为对方提供帮助可以用“Let me give you a hand.”或者“Let me help you.”,表示“让我帮你吧”。

2、C-2. —— Shall we sit up here on the grass or down there near the water?

        —— _____

A、I’d rather stay here if you don’t mind.

B、Of course, why not go out?

C、Oh, I don’t like neither here nor there.

D、Sure, we like these two places.

标准答案:A学生答案:A

答案解析:此题考查的是交际情境中的征询意见及应答用语。问句用的是一个选择问句,要求在两中选择“sit up here on the grass”和“sit down there near the water”中选一个。答案A “如果你不介意的话,我想坐在这儿”符合相关性原则,“would rather”是比较委婉的用法,其他选项均答非所问。

3、C-3. A successful lawyer usually has to talk to several _____ a day.

A、customers

B、candidates

C、interviewees

D、clients

标准答案:D学生答案:D

答案解析:此题考查的是名词的辨析。customer:消费者;candidate:候选人;interviewee:被面试人;client:客户、委托人。本句想表达的是:一个成功的律师常常一天要接待好几个客户。 客户(client)最符合题意。

4、C-4. It doesn’t matter where the companies get their money; what __________ is what they do with it.

A、counts   

B、applies

C、supplies

D、functions

标准答案:A学生答案:A

答案解析:此题考查的是动词的辨析。count:认为,算数,有价值;apply:申请;supply:供给;function:运行。what counts is…表示“重要的是……”。本句想表达的是:公司从哪里得到钱不重要,重要的是我们怎么使用这些钱。

5、C-5. Some developed countries are trying to _____ the problems resulting from the energy crisis.

A、speed up

B、deal with

C、cut off    

D、communicate with

标准答案:B学生答案:B

答案解析:此题考查的是动词短语的搭配。speed up:加快;deal with:处理,应对;cut off:切断;communicate with:交流。本句想表达的是:一些发达国家正在努力应对能源危机带来的问题,所以选择deal with ,也可以用cope with。

6、C-6. If anyone happens to drop in while I am out, _____ him or her leave a message.

A、have

B、require

C、expect

D、ask

标准答案:A学生答案:A

答案解析:此题考查的是固定搭配。have sb. do something表示“让某人做某事”。类似的表达还有make sb. do something表示“(强迫性的)逼某人做某事”;let sb. do something表示“允许某人做某事”。

7、C-7. _____ the gold medal he received a sum of money.

A、Except

B、Of

C、Besides

D、Outside

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:此题考查的是介词的用法。本句想表达的是:除了金牌,他还得到了一笔钱。要求选择表示“除了”的正确的词汇。在英语中“除了……还有……(包含)”是用besides表示。最有可能的干扰项是答案except,它表示“除了(不包含)”。

8、C-8. Eggs, though rich in nourishment, have __________ fat. 

A、a large number of

B、the large number of

C、a large amount of

D、the large amount of

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:此题考查的是量词的用法。an amount of 和a number of 都可以表示“大量的”。区别在于an amount of修饰不可数名词,而a number of修饰可数名词,因为fat(脂肪)是不可数名词,所以选用a large amount of。

9、C-9. Most people were greatly shocked by the news __________ the famous company had gone bankrupt.

A、what

B、that

C、why

D、which

标准答案:B学生答案:B

答案解析:此题考查的是同位语从句。同位语从句用于对前面的抽象名词作进一步解释,说明该名词的具体内容,通常由that引导。本句中的抽象名词是news,类似的抽象名词还有:problem, information, fact, hope, idea, doubt, suggestion, opinion, truth, decision, discovery, promise, statement, rule等。

10、C-10. I would probably try to find a better job if I __________ in your position.

A、am

B、was

C、were

D、be

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:此题考查的是虚拟语气。当虚拟语气中与现在的事情相反,从句的谓语动词用过去式。系动词用were,主句的位于用“could / would / might + 动词原形”。本句想表达的是:如果我处在你的位置上,我可能会设法找一份更好的工作。实际情况是“我是不处在你的位置上的”。

11、C-11. __________ salaries may not be satisfactory, working as an assistant does have some other benefits.

A、Unless

B、While

C、As

D、Since

标准答案:B学生答案:B

答案解析:此题考查的是while引导让步状语从句的用法。While引导让步状语从句时用来表达“虽然……但是……;尽管……但是……”,多放于句首。从上下文逻辑关系上来判断,本句想表达的是:尽管薪水不如人意,但是作为助理的确有一些其他福利。

12、C-12. One of the difficult tasks of managers is _____ how to engage their employees.

A、to figure out

B、figure out

C、figured out

D、being figured out

标准答案:A学生答案:A

答案解析:此题考查的是非谓语动词。动词不定式to do是非谓语动词的一种,有很多用法,可以用作主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语和补语等。本句中是充当了表语的作用。本句想表达的是:经理最困难的任务之一是弄清楚怎么聘用雇员。

13、C-13. You need to consider either a paid or volunteer bridge job while _____ full-time work.

A、seek  

B、seeks

C、sought

D、seeking

标准答案:D学生答案:D

答案解析:此题考查的是从句中主语的省略。当主句和从句的主语一致,可以省略从句中的主语,要注意:在这种情况下,需要将从句的谓语动词变成非谓语动词中的分词形式。如果从句省略的主语和谓语动词是主动关系,使用限制分词,如果是被动关系,使用过去分词。

14、C-14. Since the beginning of last year, these regulations _____ in most workplaces across the city.

A、be introduced

B、will be introduced

C、have introduced

D、have been introduce

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:此题考查的是时态。Since是一个时间标志,某段时间的开始,意味着从过去某一个时间点开始的情况持续到说话的时间,所以since要与现在完成时连用,而且因为规定是被引入的,要用被动语态。本句想表达的是:自从去年年初,全市大部分工作场所已经引入这些规定。

15、C-15. I had to wait for another month to be able to have my air conditioner _____.

A、fix

B、fixing

C、to fix

D、fixed

标准答案:D学生答案:D

答案解析:此题考查的是have sth. done的用法。have + 宾语 + 宾语补足语表达的意思是 “让 / 叫 / 使 / 请 / 令某人做某事”,宾语后面用过去分词做宾语补足语,用来说明宾语(sth.)与过去分词(done)之间存在被动关系。

江苏开放大学大学英语B1第三次作业阅读题

16、C-16到C-20阅读Passage One。短文后有5个问题,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

                                                                        Passage One

         When you tidy your messy bedroom, it gets a lot easier to find things. Dreams may work the same way for a messy brain, helping you learn by organizing memories and ideas.

         To test how much dreams can help learning, Robert Stick had some students play a shapefitting game called Tetris (俄罗斯方块) for a few hours and then go to sleep. Soon they were dreaming of falling Tetris shapes. Interestingly, the worst Tetris players had the most Tetris dreams and improved their game the most. Similar tests have shown the same results for all kinds of skills.

          As we dream, many important tasks are getting done. The brain decides what to keep and what to forget. It is connecting new experiences to older learning. In fact, the brain is learning all night long.

           Another important task of dreams may be to help us deal with emotions (情绪). At night, emotions are in the driver’s seat. People who have had an upsetting experience often dream about it afterward. Often the dream event changes somehow—another way the brain tries to make the memory less upset. So if your best friend moves away, you might dream that you’re the one who’s moving. In fact, dreams have a proven power to improve mood, and people who dream about what’s bothering them usually feel better sooner than those who don’t.

           Everybody dreams for a couple of hours every night—in the course of your life, you’ll spend about 25 years asleep and 6 years dreaming. There’s probably no single answer to the question why we dream, but there doesn’t have to be. One dream might help you remember your math facts, while another might lead to a new invention, or give you a fun, crazy story to tell your friends. It’s all in a night’s work for our busy, mysterious brains.

C-16.Robert Stickgold’s test shows that_____.

A、games are useful for memory

B、dreams can help improve skills

C、players stop learning in dreams

D、tasks can only be settled through dreams

标准答案:B学生答案:B

答案解析:推理判断题。根据第二段可知,为了证实梦对学习有帮助,Robert Stickgold做了这次实验,而实验结果表明选手的技能有所提高,根据本段最后一句“Similar tests have shown the same results for all kinds of skills.”可推知,梦对学习各种技能都是有帮助的,故选B。

17、阅读C-16题干中Passage One材料,完成本题。

C-17.We can learn from Paragraph 4 that________.

A、dreams can get rid of sufferings

B、only drivers can deal with emotions

C、one may be less upset after a dream

D、dreams can copy what one experienced

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:细节理解题。根据第四段第一句“Another important task of dreams…emotions (情绪)”和最后一句“In fact,dreams have a proven power to improve mood…”可知,梦有助于改善心情,故选C。    

18、阅读C-16题干中Passage One材料,完成本题。

C-18.Which of the following does the author probably agree with?

A、Dreaming does harm to one’s mood.

B、Dreaming affects the quality of sleep.

C、It’s hard to find out the secrets of dreaming.

D、It’s not so important to know the cause of dreaming.

标准答案:D学生答案:D

答案解析:细节理解题。根据最后一段第二句“There’s probably no single answer to the question why we dream,but there doesn’t have to be.”可知,作者认为关于我们为什么会做梦的解释不止一个,但也没必要非要有一个解释。

19、阅读C-16题干中Passage One材料,完成本题。

C-19.What does the text focus on?

A、Dreams and memories. 

B、Dreams and emotions.

C、The benefits of dreams.

D、The patterns of dreams.

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:主旨大意题。通读全文可知,本文主要说明了梦的好处:有助于改善学习和情绪。

20、阅读C-16题干中Passage One材料,完成本题。

C-20.In which part of a magazine can this text be found?

A、Entertainment.

B、Tourism.

C、Science.

D、Advertisement.

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:推理判断题。根据文章主旨可知,文章是关于梦的科学研究方面的知识,所以最可能在杂志的有关科学的栏目里找到此文章,故选C。

21、阅读Passage Two,回答C-21到C-24四个问题。请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入题干空白处的最佳选项。

                                                         Passage Two

          At first glance, there is little in Horton to attract people. The other nearby towns have much more to offer: Bradfield has its river and historic buildings, while Newtown has shops and entertainment. The buildings of Horton look dirty and unloved. For shops, there is a small supermarket, a few bargain shops, a bakery which, strangely, does not sell bread and a florist which has one stand of sadlooking flowers. Even so, Horton has several advantages over its neighboring towns.

         Firstly, it has a country park. Four thousand years ago, this was an important fort. There are no historic remains here now, but there are wonderful views over the countryside. On sunny weekends you can often see kids out with their parents, kicking balls or flying kites.

        There aren’t many job opportunities in Horton, and the roads to nearby cities aren’t really fast, but there are excellent rail links. You can be in London in an hour and a half, and other cities are less than an hour away. That means that parents can earn a good salary and still get home in time to spend the evenings with their families. Houses in Horton aren’t pretty, but they’re functional and cheap. The streets are quiet and safe, and there are plenty of parks and playgrounds. It has a library, three primary schools and a secondary school, St.Mark’s. It is friendly and offers a wide range of subjects and activities to children of all abilities and backgrounds. The town also has a swimming and a sports centre, and the community halls hold regular clubs and events for people of all ages.

C-21. What is the writer’s main purpose?

A、To explain what tourists can do in Horton.

B、To explain why Horton is a good place to live in.

C、To explain why Horton is not as pleasant as other towns.

D、To describe the history of Horton.

标准答案:B学生答案:B

答案解析:写作意图题。通读全文,并根据文章第一段最后一句“Even so,Horton has several advantages over its neighboring towns.”和第三段对该地方的介绍说明作者想说的就是Horton这个地方适于居住。故选B。

22、阅读C-21题干中Passage Two材料,完成本题。

C-22.Which part of Horton does the writer find disappointing?

A、The shops.

B、Country park.

C、 Transport links.

D、The schools.

标准答案:A学生答案:A

答案解析:细节理解题。根据文章第一段对该镇商店的描述“For shops,there is a small supermarket,a few bargain shops,a bakery which,strangely,does not sell bread and a florist which has one stand of sadlooking flowers.”可知这里的商店让人失望。故选A。

23、阅读C-21题干中Passage Two材料,完成本题。

C-23. Which of the following is NOT the advantage of Horton?

A、Plenty of parks and playgrounds.

B、Historical buildings.

C、The quiet and safe streets.

D、Functional and cheap houses.

标准答案:B学生答案:B

答案解析:细节理解题。根据第三段的“Houses in Horton aren’t pretty,but they’re functional and cheap. The streets are quiet and safe,and there are plenty of parks and playgrounds.”排除A、C、D三项;只有B不是Horton的优势。故选B。

24、阅读C-21题干中Passage Two材料,完成本题。

C-24. What advantages does Horton bring to workers?

A、There are plenty of jobs available in the town.

B、You can drive to nearby cities in a short time.

C、You can get to several cities quickly by train.

D、Working conditions are better here than in other towns.

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:细节理解题。根据文章第三段的“You can be in London in an hour and a half,and other cities are less than an hour away. That means that parents can earn a good salary and still get home in time to spend the evenings with their families.”可知住在这里的工人们能够坐火车很快地到达附近的城市。故选C。

25、阅读Passage Three,回答C-25到C-27三个问题。请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入题干空白处的最佳选项。

                                                                  Passage Three

          There are two major parties in Britain today, the Conservative Party and the Labor Party, which have been in power by turns since 1945.The two—party system of Britain was formed in the course of the development of the capitalist state and the political parties. In order to strengthen the state machine, the British bourgeosie have let it come into being and exist in one form or another form since the 17th century. P.S. Tregidgo once said:“The more parties there are, the less likely it is that any one of them will be strong enough in Parliament to outvote all the others; but when there are only two, one of them is sure to have a majority of seats. This helps to ensure a strong and stable government.”This may be the reason why the British have the two party system.

         The division into two parties grew out the establishment of a Protestant Church of England in the 16th century. Because of a purely religious difference of opinion, the Puritans were separated from the broad body of the Anglican Church. The non Puritan Anglicans were on the side of the King and Church, and their supporters were called by their opponents “Tories.”The Puritans were for Parliament and trade, and their supporters were called by the “Tories”“Whigs”. The Tories and the Whigs were in power by turns for a long time. In 1833,the Tory party split into two and its name was changed to Conservative. In the 1860s the Whigs became Liberals. From that time on, the Liberals and the Conservatives were in office by turns until 1922.The policies they put into effect were sometimes different, but they were both controlled by the rich.

        The working class became more and more unwilling to follow the Conservatives and the Liberals. They wanted to have their own party. So the Labor party was formed by the trade unions. After 1922 the Labor Party gradually replaced the Liberal Party to become one of the two major parties in Great Britain. 

C-25.What does “it” stand for  in Para 1 with underline?

A、The two party system.

B、The state machine.

C、The Parliament.

D、The capitalist state.

标准答案:A学生答案:A

答案解析:细节理解题。本题要求读者指出第一段的“it”指代什么。A为两党制,B为国家机器,C为议会,D 为资本主义政府,从原文可知,资产阶级是为了强化国家机器,而让两党制形成并存在的。 故答案为A。

26、阅读C-25题干中Passage Three材料,完成本题。

C-26. We can learn from what P.S Tregidgo once said that ____.

A、if there are parties in Britain, none of them will be strong enough to have control in the government

B、the more patients there are, the more likely it is that they will have the decisive say in the government

C、the two party systems contributes to the establishment of a powerful and long lasting government

D、if there are only two parties in Britain, it will be easy for the government to control them

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:细节理解题。本题要求读者指出从P.S.特莱吉欧说的话中可得知什么。A意思是:如果英国有政党的话,哪个党也不能控制政府。B意思是:政党越多,他们就越有可能在政府中有决定性的发言权。C意思是:两党制有利于建立一个有力的持久的政府。D意思是:如果英国只有两个政党,政府会很容易控制他们。从原文可知,A,B,D都不符合原文,故正确答案为C。

27、阅读C-25题干中Passage Three材料,完成本题。

C-27. What can we infer from the forming of the Tory Party and the Whig Party? 

A、These two parties originally believed in different religions.

B、These two parties were established under the influence of different religious believes.

C、The British King and the Parliament supported different religions because they were for the two party system.

D、The British King and the Parliament were supported by different parties for political reasons.

标准答案:B学生答案:B

答案解析:推论判断题。本题要求读者指出从托利党和辉格党的形成可得出什么推论。A意思是:这两个党原来属于不同的宗教信仰。B意思是:这两个党是受不同的宗教信仰影响而建立起来的。C意思是:英国的国王和议会支持不同的宗教因为他们拥护两党制。D意思是:英国的国王和议会 由于政治上的原因受不同的党派的支持。从原文可知,由于继宗教上的原因,英国国教分化为清教徒和非清教徒,这两支后来发展为辉格党和托利党。所以正确答案为B。

28、阅读Passage Four,回答C-28到C-30三个问题。请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入题干空白处的最佳选项。

                                                                   Passage Four

           “If you want to see a thing well, reach out and touch it!”

           That may seem a strange thing to say. But touching things can help you to see them better.

           Your eyes can tell you that glass ball is round. But by holding it in your hands, you can feel how smooth and cool the ball is. You can feel how heavy the glass is.

           When you feel all these about the ball, you really see it.

           With your skin, you can feel better. For example, your fingers can tell the difference between two coins in your pocket. You can feel a little drop of water on the back of your hand, too.

           You can even feel sounds against your skin. Have you ever wanted to know why some people like very loud music? They must like to feel the sounds of music.

          All children soon learn what “Don’t touch!”  means. They hear it often. Yet most of us keep on touching things as we grow up. In shops, we touch things we might buy, such as food, clothes and so on. To see something well, we have to touch it.

          The bottoms of our feet can feel things, too. You know this when you walk on warm sand, cool grass or a bad floor. All feel different under your feet.

          There are ways of learning to see well by feeling.

          One way is to close your eyes and try to feel everything that is touching your skin. Feel the shoes on your feet, the clothes on your body, the air on your skin. At first, it is not easy to feel these things. You are too used to them!

         Most museums are just for looking. But today some museums have some things to touch. Their signs say, “Do touch! There you can feel everything on show. If you want to see better, reach out and touch. Then you’ll really see!”

C-28. By touching things _____.

A、you will have a strange feeling

B、you will learn how to reach out

C、you can tell the difference between them

D、you can tell what colors they are

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:主旨判断题。全文告诉你通过触摸你可以知道许多靠肉眼不能分辨的东西。touch可以让你知道物体的不同点。

29、阅读C-28题干中Passage Four材料,完成本题。

C-29. Which of the following can be the best title of the story?

A、Touching by Feeling

B、To See or to Feel

C、To See Better Feel

D、Ways of Feeling

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:主旨大意题。根据文章中出现的 When you feel all these about the ball, you really see it 以及 To see something well, we have to touch it 和 …to see well by feeling 等我们可以推测出只有触摸,我们才能更好的看到并了解这个物体。因此答案为 C。

30、阅读C-28题干中Passage Four材料,完成本题。

C-30. When people buy things in shops, they often _____.

A、try them on first

B、put their right hand on them

C、just has a look

D、feel and touch them

标准答案:D学生答案:D

答案解析:细节理解题。文章第7段第2行作者谈到我们在可能要买东西的时候会去触摸它,像食物、衣服等等。由此句可知在买衣服时我们会去感觉和触摸它。

31、C-31至C-40为完型填空题,阅读材料中共包含10个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中空缺部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

          Why do I want to go to college? No one has ever asked me C-31  a question. But many times I have asked myself. I have C-32 a whole variety of reasons. C-33  important reason is that I want to be a better man.

          Many things make human beings different  C-34  or better than or even superior to animals.

          One of the most important things is C-35. If I fail to receive higher education, my education C-36 . As I want to be a fully C-37 man, I must get a well-rounded education, which good colleges and universities are supposed to C-38. I know one can get educated in many ways, but colleges and universities are C-39  the best places to teach me how to educate myself. Only when I am well-educated, will I be a better human being and C-40 fit into society.

C-31.Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、quite

B、so

C、such

D、another

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:such常用在不定冠词或名词前修饰可数名词或不可数名词,表示“此类的”、“这种的”,故such为正确选项。

32、阅读C-31题干中材料,完成本题。

C-32. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、come up with

B、agreed with

C、been fed up with

D、got on well with

标准答案:A学生答案:A

答案解析:come up with意为“提出、找出”;agree with意为“同意”;be fed up with意为“对……厌倦”;get on well with意为“和……相处得好”。根据文意A为正确选项。

33、阅读C-31题干中材料,完成本题。

C-33. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、Most

B、The most

C、More

D、Much

标准答案:B学生答案:B

答案解析:上文讲到我曾找到过各种各样的原因,其中最重要的原因应当是……,因此这里应用important的最高级,故选the most。

34、阅读C-31题干中材料,完成本题。

C-34.Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、to

B、around  

C、between

D、from

标准答案:D学生答案:D

答案解析:固定结构be different from 表示“不同于……”。

35、阅读C-31题干中材料,完成本题。

C-35. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、education

B、weather

C、temperature

D、science

标准答案:A学生答案:A

答案解析:本段着重说明了教育在人的发展中的作用,以及大学在教育中的地位。作为总括句,本空应填education。

36、阅读C-31题干中材料,完成本题。

C-36.Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、finished

B、don’ t finish

C、will not finish

D、has finished

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:这是一个含有条件状语从句的复合句,意为“如果我不能受到更高等的教育,我就无法完成我的学业”,故选will not finish为正确选择。

37、阅读C-31题干中材料,完成本题。

C-37. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、develop

B、developed

C、developing

D、experience

标准答案:B学生答案:B

答案解析:这里只能选可作定语的选项。过去分词developed表示“成熟的”,为正确选项。

38、阅读C-31题干中材料,完成本题。

C-38. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、improve  

B、graduate

C、hear

D、provide

标准答案:D学生答案:D

答案解析:大学应是提供高等教育的地方, provide符合文意为正确选项。

39、阅读C-31题干中材料,完成本题。

C-39. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、between

B、among

C、inside

D、outside

标准答案:B学生答案:B

答案解析:介词among可表示“包括……在内”为正确选项。

40、阅读C-31题干中材料,完成本题。

C-40. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、can good

B、may better

C、be able to better

D、be able to best

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:与前半句相对应,这里仍应用比较级,而may better意思不对,因此be able to better为正确选项。

41、C-41到C-45是5个英文句子,针对每个英文句子有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出翻译的最佳选项。

C-41. After this agreement is signed by the two parties, both parties shall strictly abide by it.

A、在双方签约后,各方应严格遵守本协议。

B、在两党达成协议后,各党派将严格遵守它。

C、在双方达成协议后,各方应严格遵守。

D、在两党签约后,各党派都应严格遵守本协议。

标准答案:A学生答案:A

答案解析:这是一句商务英语。重点在对句中party和this agreement is signed的理解。party在句中的含义应为双方而不是党派。sign为“签约”的意思。故选项A最为准确。

42、C-42. The farmer can continue to support himself and his family only if he produces a surplus.

A、只要农民生产有剩余,就能养活自己和家人。

B、只有生产更多的农作物,农民才能养活自己和家人。

C、只有当拥有盈余时,农民才能持续地供养自己和家人。

D、农民生产有剩余,只有这样,他才能养活自己和家人。

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:译准这个句子的关键在于对“only if”的理解。only if意为“只有”,表示一种条件上的虚拟。A选项把only if误译为“只要”,B选项漏译了“continue to”。D选项虽然理解较为准,但不符合中文的话语特征。

43、C-43. A careers adviser provides information, advice and guidance to help people make realistic choices about their education, training and work.

A、职业顾问向人们提供信息和咨询,并给予指导, 帮助人们规划他们的教育培训和职业。

B、职业顾问提供信息、咨询和指导,帮助人们对自己的教育、培训和工作做出现实选择。

C、人们只有经过职业培训和规划,并获得大量的信息与指导后才能找到自己满意的工作。

D、人们可以从职业介绍所获得具体的信息和咨询,指导他们对自己的职业做出明智选择。

标准答案:B学生答案:B

答案解析:本句的主语是a career adviser,谓语动词是provides,宾语是information,advice and guidance,目的状语是to help people make realistic choices about their education, training and work. 另外,其中about their education, training and work.是对choices的限定。关键词理解:a career adviser意为“职业顾问”;guidance意为“指导”;make realistic choices意为“做出现实选择”。

44、C-44. Our management technique has been proven to be the most effective way to get into a target market and acquire potential customers.

A、我们的管理业务已经实现了市场目标,新客户也已获利,形势令人鼓舞。

B、我们的管理理念是极为先进的,市场定位也是准确的,会赢得新的客户。

C、我们的管理方法证明是非常有效的,可以实现市场目标并吸引更多客户。

D、我们的管理技术业已证明是进入目标市场并获得潜在客户的最有效途径。

标准答案:D学生答案:D

答案解析:本句主语是Our management technique,谓语部分是has been proven,补语是to be the most effective way。本题的关键是对technique(技术),effective(有效的),acquire(获得),potential(有潜力的,潜在的),get into target market(进入目标市场)等词语的把握。

45、C-45. Our program is aimed to train the right candidates in all aspects of business and marketing as well as in communication and team leadership.

A、我们的规划是培训各种求职人员,涉及到得商务、营销以及各种工作团队人员都需参加。

B、我们设定的项目是培训所需要的替补人才,涉及商务、营销以及交际和团队领导等方面。

C、我们的项目旨在培养商务和营销各方面的合格后备人才,及交际人才和团队领导人才。

D、我们正在规划选拔各个商务领域的求职人员,他们都需要具有交际和领导团队的能力。

标准答案:C学生答案:C

答案解析:本句主语是Our program,谓语部分是is aimed。后面的business,marketing,communication,team leadership等名词短语由并列连词and 和as well as 连接,表示培训的内容。本题的关键是对program(项目),candidates(候选人,接受培训人员,后备人员)的把握。

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