江苏开放大学大学英语B1期末考试复习资料23年秋

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一、江苏开放大学大学英语b1第一次形考作业单选题答案23年秋(建议登录后购买)

1、A-1到A-15是未完成的句子,考核所学词汇与语法知识点,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

A-1. —— How are you getting along with your study?

       ——____________________

A、Fine. What about you?

B、I don’t know.

C、Quite right.

D、It’s too hard for me.

正确答案:A

2、A-2. ——Peter, _____?

       —— Not too bad.

A、what’s up  

B、what are you doing   

C、what’s wrong with you  

D、what’s the matter

正确答案:A

3、A-3. Mary wanted to avoid running down a dog but ran _____ a big tree by the roadside.

A、over

B、on

C、into

D、up

正确答案:C

4、A-4. On average, a successful lawyer has to talk to several _____ a day. 

A、customers

B、supporters

C、guests

D、clients

正确答案:D

5、A-5. This new machine is technically far _______to the previous type.

A、superior

B、junior

C、senior

D、equal

正确答案:A

6、A-6. Climate change will greatly _____ wheat and rice production if nations don’t take steps now.

A、fall

B、leak

C、lack

D、reducE、正确答案:D

7、A-7. Without my glasses I can hardly ________ what has been written in the letter.

A、make for

B、make up

C、make out

D、make over

正确答案:C

8、A-8. Dogs have a very good _____ of smell and are often used to search for survivors in an earthquake.

SensE

B、view

C、means

D、ideA

正确答案:A

9、A-9. After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town _____ he grew up as a child. 

A、which

B、that

C、wherE

D、when

正确答案:C

10、A-10. Helen had to shout ________ above the sound of the music.

A、making herself hear

B、to make herself hear

C、making herself hearD

D、to make herself hearD

正确答案:D

11、A-11. Reading is an experience quite different from watching TV; there are pictures _____ in your mind instead of before your eyes.

A、to form

B、form

C、forming

D、having formeD

正确答案:C

12、A-12._____ makes his shop different is that it offers more personal services.

A、What

B、Who

C、Whatever

D、Whoever

正确答案:A

13、A-13. Sales of CDs have greatly increased since the early 1990s, when people _____ to enjoy the advantages of this new technology. 

A、begin

B、began

C、have begun

D、had begun

正确答案:B

14、A-14._____ ten minutes earlier, you wouldn’t have missed the train. But you were late.

A、Had you comE

B、Did you comE

C、Have you comE

D、Should you comE

正确答案:A

15、A-15. So many representatives________, the conference had to be put off.

A、were absent  

B、to be absent

C、being absent

D、had been absent

正确答案:C

16、A-31至A-40为完型填空题,阅读材料中共包含10个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中空缺部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

       Your body, which has close relations A-31 the food you eat, is the most important thing you own, so it needs proper A-32and proper nourishment (营养). The old saying “An apple a day keeps the doctorA-33” is not as silly as some people think.

      The body needs A-34 and vegetables because they contain vitamin C. Many people take extra vitamins 

A-35 pill form, believing that these will make them healthy.

      But a good A-36 is made up of nourishing food and this gives all the vitamins you need. The body doesn’t need or use extra vitamins, A-37 why waste money on them?

       In the modern western world, many people are A-38 busy to bother about eating properly. They throw anything into their stomachs, eating hurriedly and A-39. The list of illnesses caused or made worse by bad eating _A-40 is frightening.

A-31. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、to

B、with

C、of

D、from

正确答案:B

17、阅读A-31题干中材料,完成本题。

A-32. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、treatment

B、measurement 

C、movement

D、statement

正确答案:A

18、阅读A-31题干中材料,完成本题。

A-33. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、apart

B、altogether 

C、away

D、alonE

正确答案:C

19、阅读A-31题干中材料,完成本题。

A-34. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、meat

B、milk

C、fish

D、fruits

正确答案:D

20、阅读A-31题干中材料,完成本题。

A-35. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、on

B、for

C、of

D、in

正确答案:D

21、阅读A-31题干中材料,完成本题。

A-36. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、diet

B、habit

C、stylE

D、lifE

正确答案:A

22、阅读A-31题干中材料,完成本题。

A-37. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、OtherwisE

B、however 

C、so 

D、although

正确答案:C

23、阅读A-31题干中材料,完成本题。

A-38. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、very

B、too 

C、extremely

D、much

正确答案:B

A-39. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、carefully

B、quietly 

C、carelessly

D、noisily

正确答案:C

25、阅读A-31题干中材料,完成本题。

A-40. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、habits

B、hobbies

C、manners

D、behaviors

正确答案:A

26、A-41到A-45是5个英文句子,针对每个英文句子有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出翻译的最佳选项。

A-41. It is possible that your company is facing difficulties of which we are not aware.

A、可能你公司正面临一些我们不了解的困难。

B、也许你公司正面临着一些我们不明白的困难。

C、我们不知道你公司正面临困难是有可能的。

D、有可能你公司正在面临些困难,都是我们不了解的。

正确答案:A

27、A-42. The director is disappointed because he has not found anyone in the applicants who is particularly qualified for this job.     

A、已经任命了主任,因为只有他有能力去寻找适合做这项工作的求职者。

B、已经任命了主任,因为只有他才有资格去挑选肯做这项工作的求职者。

C、主任非常失望,因为他还没有在这些求职者中发现具有特殊资质的人。

D、主任很失望,因为他还没在求职者中找到特别有资格做这项工作的人。

正确答案:D

28、A-43. We believe that quality is the soul of an enterprise, which is the reason why we attach great importance to quality control.     

A、我们认为素质是企业的精华,因此我们重视员工素质培养。

B、我们相信企业要有企业精神,因此我们努力创建企业文化。

C、我们相信质量是企业的灵魂,所以我们高度重视质量控制。

D、我们认为质量是企业的核心,所以我们一贯坚持质量标准。

正确答案:C

29、A-44. In addition to his major, John had taken up some courses on economics in college so that he could find a good job after graduation.     

A、除所学的专业外,约翰在大学还选修了一些经济学课程,以便毕业后能找到一份好工作。 

B、除了所学专业,约翰在大学还自学了一些经济学课程,这样毕业后就找到了一份好工作。 

C、约翰毕业后就找到了一份好的工作,因为除了所学专业,还选修了其他一些大学的课程。

D、约翰大学一毕业就找到一份好工作,因为他在本专业之外,还附带学了一些经济学课程。

正确答案:A

30、A-45. If the delivery time indicated is 14 days, the goods will be sent to you within this time regardless of when the order is placed.   

A、如果显示的交货时间是14天,无论你们订的是什么货物,都会按时送达的。  

B、如果交货时间显示的是14天,无论何时订货,货物都将在14天内送达你处。

C、假如是14天后显示发货时间的话,不管你订的是什么货物,都将按时送到。

D、假如你要求14天后发货的话,不管你订的是什么货物,都必须另外下订单。

正确答案:B

二、江苏开放大学大学英语b1第一次形考作业综合题答案23年秋

1、 A-Passage OnE、         阅读所给材料。短文后有5个问题,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

 The AlphaGo program’s victory is an example of how smart computers have become.

         But can artificial intelligence (AI) machines act ethically, meaning can they be honest and fair?

         One example of AI is driverless cars. They are already on California roads, so it is not too soon to ask whether we can program a machine to act ethically. As driverless cars improve, they will save lives. They 

will make fewer mistakes than human drivers do. Sometimes, however, they will face a choice between 

lives. Should the cars be programmed to avoid hitting a child running across the road, even if that will put 

their passengers at risk? What about making a sudden turn to avoid a dog? What if the only risk is 

damage to the car itself, not to the passengers?

         Perhaps there will be lessons to learn from driverless cars, but they are not super-intelligent beings. 

Teaching ethics to a machine even more intelligent than we are will be the bigger challenge.

          About the same time as AlphaGo’s triumph, Microsoft’s ‘chatbot’took a bad turn. The software, 

named Taylor, was designed to answer messages from people aged 18-24. Taylor was supposed to be 

able to learn from the messages she received. She was designed to slowly improve her ability to handle 

conversations, but some people were teaching Taylor racist ideas. When she started saying nice things 

about Hitler, Microsoft turned her off and deleted her ugliest messages.

          AlphaGo’s victory and Taylor’s defeat happened at about the same time. This should be a warning 

to us. It is one thing to use AI within a game with clear rules and clear goals. It is something very 

different use AI in the real world. The unpredictability of the real world may bring to the surface a 

troubling software problem.

          Eric Schmidt is one of the bosses of Google, which owns AlphaGo. He thinks AI will be positive for 

humans. He said people will be the winner, whatever the outcome. Advances in AI will make human 

beings smarter, more able and “just better human beings.”

1、What does the author want to show with the example of AlphaGo’s victory?

A、Computers will prevail over human beings.

B、Computers have unmatched potential.

C、Computers are man’s potential rivals.

D、Computers can become highly intelligent.

正确答案:D

Computers can become highly intelligent.。

2、What does the author mean by AI machines acting ethically?

A、They are capable of predicting possible risks.

B、They weigh the gains and losses before reaching a decision.

C、They make sensible decisions when facing moral dilemmas.

D、They sacrifice everything to save human lives.

正确答案:C

3、What is said to be the bigger challenge facing humans in the AI age?

A、Howtomakesuper-intelligentAI machinessharehuma feelings.

B、Howto ensure that super-intelligent AI machines act ethically.

C、How to prevent AI machines doing harm to humans.

D、How to avoid being over-dependent on AI machines.

正确答案:B

4、What do we learn about Microsoft’s ‘chatbot’ Taylor?

A、She could not distinguish good from bad.

B、She could turn herself off when necessary.

C、She was not made to handle novel situations.

D、She was good at performing routine tasks.

正确答案:A

5、What does Eric Schmidt think of artificial intelligence?

A、It will be far superior to human beings.

B、 It will keep improving as time goes by.

C、 It will prove to be an asset to human beings.

D、 It will be here to stay whatever the outcome.

正确答案:C

2、A-Passage Two

阅读所给材料。短文后有5个问题,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

       Roughly the size of a soda can, sitting on a bookshelf, a relatively harmless gadget may be turning friends away from your home. The elephant in your living room is your Internet-connected security camera, a device people are increasingly using for peace of mind in their homes, But few stop to think about the effect these devices may have on house guests. Should you tell your friends, for instance, that they’re being recorderd while you all watch the big game together?

      “It’s certainly new territory, especially as home security cameras become easier to Install,” says Lizzie Post, president of the Emily Post Institute, America’s foremost manners advisors. “I think it will be very interesting to see what etiquette(礼仪) emerges in terms of whether you tell people you have a camera or not, and whether guests have a right to ask that it be turned off, if it’s not a security issue. “

       Post wants to make clear that she’s not talking about legal rights, but rather personal preferences. She also wants to explain that there are no right or wrong answers regarding manners on this front yet, because the technology is just now becoming mainstream. Besides, the Emily Post Institute doesn’t dictate manners.

       When it comes to security cameras, Post says it’s a host’s responsibility to make sure guests feel comfortable within their home.  “I’m always a fan of being open and honest.”  For instance, if the host casually acknowledges that there is a camera in the room by telling a story about it, that may be enough to provide an opening for a guest to say if they are uncomfortable.

       However, if a contractor is working in your home, you don’t need to tell them that there are cameras watching. Then again, the air of accountability that the camera generates can also work in contractors’ favor.  “If anything does go wrong while they’re in the house, they don’t want to be blamed for it,” she says. “In fact, the camera could be the thing that proves that they didn’t steal the $ 20, or knock the vase off the table.”

1、For what reason may your friends feel reluctant to visit your home?

A、The security camera installed may intrude into their privacy.

B、They don’t want their photos to be circulated on the Internet.

C、The security camera may turn out to be harmful to their health.

D、They may not be willing to interact with your family members.

正确答案:A

2、What does Lizzie Post say is new territory?

A、The effect of manners advice on the public.

B、Cost of applying new technologies at home.

C、The increasing use of home security devices.

D、Etiquette around home security cameras.

正确答案:D

3、What is Lizzie Post mainly discussing with regard to the use of home security cameras?

A、Legal rights.

B、Moral issues.

C、Likes and dislikes of individuals.

D、The possible impact on manners.

正确答案:C

4、What is a host’s responsibility regarding security cameras, according to Lizzie Post?

A、Making their guests feel at ease.

B、Indicating where they are.

C、Turning them off in time.

D、Ensuring their guests’ privacy.

正确答案:A

5、In what way can the home security camera benefit visitors to your home?

A、It can satisfy their curiosity.

B、 It can prove their innocence.

C、It can help them learn new technology.

D、 It can make their visit more enjoyable.

正确答案:B

3、A-Passage ThreE、阅读所给材料。短文后有5个问题,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

        PepsiCo is to spend billions of dollars to develop drinks and snacks and reformulate existing ones with lower sugar, salt and fat, as consumers demand healthier options and regulatory pressure intensifies amid an obeisity  epidemic(流行病).

        The maker of Mountain Dew and Gatorade has been one of the earlier movers in the industry to offer products with reduced levels of unhealthy ingredients-PepsiCo claims a packet of its chips now contains less salt than a slice of white bread. However, its new 10-year plan makes clear it believes it still has a long way to go.

         Shifting eating habits, including a sharp drop in consumption of sparkling drinks, have forced radical 

change on the industry. But those shifts have yet to be reflected in record obesity levels, which stand at 36.5% overall in the US.

         Indra Nooyi, PepsiCo chairman, said the plan to make its products healthier was important for the company’s growth. But on the subject of obesity, she pointed out that consumers’ lifestyles have changed significantly, with many people being more sedentary(久坐不动的) not least because more time is spent in front of computers. She said PepsiCo’s contribution was to produce healthier snacks that still tasted good.

      “Society has to change its habits,” she added. “We can’t do much to alter sedentary lifestyles, but can we provide comsumers with great-tasting products, low in salt, sugar and fat. In the past we had to have a taste trade-off. But we’re breaking that trade-off.”

        PepsiCos plan for its foods and drinks is based on guidelines from the World Health Organisation, which last week backed using taxes on sparkling drinks to reduce sugar comsumption. Intiatives also include efforts to reduce its environmental impact, water comsumption and materials used in packaging by 2025.

         PepsiCo did not say exactly how much it planned to invest to reach its goals.However,Dr Mehmood Khan, chief scientific officer, said the company had doubled researchand development spending in the past five years and was “committed to sustaininginvestment”, adding that companies cannot cost-cut their way to increasing sales. PepsiCos research and development budget in 2015 was $754 million.

1、Why is PepsiCo making a policy change?

A、To win support from the federal government.

B、To be more competitive in the global market.

C、To satisfy the growing needs for healthy foods.

D、To invest more wisely in the soft drink industry.

正确答案:C

2、What does PepsiCo think it will have to do in the future?

A、Invest more to develop new snacks

B、Reduce levels of obesity in the US.

C、Change consumers’ eating habits.

D、Keep on improving its products.

正确答案:D

3、Why does PepsiCo plan to alter its products,according to Indra Nooyi

A、To ensure the company’s future development.

B、To adapt to its customers’ changed taste.

C、To help improve its consumers’ lifestyles.

D、To break the trade-off in its product design.

正确答案:A

4、What does Indra Nooyi say about the obesity epidemic?

A、It is mainly caused by overconsumption of snacks.

B、It results from high sugar and salt consumption.

C、It is attributable to people’s changed lifestyles.

D、It has a lot to do with longer working hours.

正确答案:C

5、What has PepsiCo been doing to achieve its objective?

A、Studying WHO’s guidelines.

B、Increasing its research funding.

C、Expanding its market overseas.

D、Cutting its production costs.

正确答案:B

三、江苏开放大学大学英语b1第一次形考作业写作题答案23年秋

1、A-46-2 Writing 写作(满分10分)

       要求在30分钟内,根据下面所给的题目与所给段首第一句,用英语写出一篇不少于150词的短文。

                                                                    Travelling

   请根据每段段首所给主题句进行写作:

   Para 1 People who like travelling have their reasons.

   Para 2 Those who dislike travelling have their reasons.

   Para 3  In practice, travelling does more good than harm.

请不要使用附件或者图片形式提交!!!

请不要使用附件或者图片形式提交!!!

请不要使用附件或者图片形式提交!!!

正确答案:

         People who like travelling have their reasons. They maintain that travelling can help them expand their scope of knowledge, especially geographical and historical learning. They go on to point out that touring will provide more chance for them to enjoy food and try on clothes that they otherwise cannot possibly have.

         Those who dislike travelling have their reasons. They would argue that travelling means a considerable amount of money and energy. For example, traffic and accommodation require money walking while seeing sights often tires you.

         In practice, travelling does more good than harm. If you finance and health permit, you might as well do some travelling from time to time. It will at least enable you to get familiar with people and thing that you will probably grow to like and love.

一、江苏开放大学大学英语b1第二次形考作业单选题答案23年秋

1、B-1到B-15是未完成的句子,考核所学词汇与语法知识点,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

B-1. —— How are you feeling?

        —— Much better. __________

A、You are welcome.  

B、You look good.

C、You are so kind.  

D、Thanks for coming to see me.

正确答案:D

2、B-2. —— Could you be so kind as to turn down the music? I’m preparing for final exam.

       —— _____

A、What are you doing?   

B、That’s none of your business.

C、What do you mean? 

D、 Sure. I’m sorry to disturb you.

正确答案:D

3、B-3. It’s normal that everyone fails every now and then. It is how you react that makes a __________.

A、development

B、difference

C、devotion

D、difficulty

正确答案:B

4、B-4. You should take the medicine now. It will __________ you pain in your stomach.

A、remind

B、release

C、relive

D、relieve

正确答案:D

5、B-5. Did you _____ her offer? I’m afraid she will be disappointed.

A、turn away

B、turn out 

C、turn down

D、turn up

正确答案:C

6、B-6. Neither Peter _____ his father was able to wake up early enough to have breakfast.

A、nor

B、or

C、of

D、off

正确答案:A

7、B-7. —— What will you buy for your mother’s birthday?

       —— I want to buy a __________ wallet for him.

A、small leather red

B、small red leather

C、 red small leather

D、red leather small

正确答案:B

8、B-8. I have to leave for London to attend a meeting. I’ll be back in __________ days.

A、little 

B、a little

C、few

D、a few

正确答案:D

9、B-9. When we receive the goods you return to us, you __________ a full refund with a week.

A、get

B、got

C、are getting 

D、will get

正确答案:D

10、B-10. The new staff resigned last Monday after __________ to work overtime.

A、be asked

B、being asked

C、was asked

D、is asked

正确答案:B

11、B-11. It was these small differences __________ finally led him to be successful.

A、that  

B、where

C、those

D、what

正确答案:A

12、B-12. Only after his father saw the train disappear in sight _____ the railway station.

A、he leaves

B、he leaved

C、does he leave

D、did he leave

正确答案:D

13、B-13. The company has decided to donate funds to charities, __________ helps to promote its image.

A、that

B、who

C、what

D、which

正确答案:D

14、B-14. Young people are sharing more information about themselves on social media sites now than they __________ in the past.

A、are

B、were

C、do

D、did

正确答案:D

15、B-15. My boss refused to give me a pay rise, no matter _____ hard I worked.

A、how

B、what 

C、when

D、where

正确答案:A

16、B-31至B-40为完型填空题,阅读材料中共包含10个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中空缺部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

         Charlie came from a poor village. His parents had  B-31    money to send him to school when he was young. The boy was very sad. Mr. King lived next to him. He found the boy   B-32   and had pity on him and lent some money to him. So the boy could go to school. He studied hard and  B-33     all his lessons. When he finished middle school, the man introduced him to his friend in the town. And he began to work.

Once Mr. King was seriously hurt in an accident. Dying, he asked Charlie to take care of his daughter, Sharon. The young man   B-34   and several years later he married the girl. He loved her very much and tried his best to make her happy. He often bought beautiful clothes and delicious food for her. He was good at cooking and he cooked  B-35   for her. So she became very fat and she felt it difficult to walk. And one day she found there was something wrong with her heart. Her husband wasn’t at home and she had to go to   B-36   at once. The doctors looked her over and told her   B-37   eat meat, sugar, chocolate and things like these. She was afraid   B-38   the doctor’s words and wrote all the names of the food on the paper. When she got home, she put the list on the table and  B-39 . When she returned home that afternoon, she found many kinds of food: meat, sugar and chocolate in the kitchen. Charlie was busy  B-40    there. As soon as he saw her, he said happily, “I’ve bought all the food you like, dear!”

B-31. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、no

B、some

C、much

D、enough

正确答案:A

17、阅读B-31题干中材料,完成本题。

B-32. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、lazy

B、clever

C、careful

D、hard

正确答案:B

18、阅读B-31题干中材料,完成本题。

B-33. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、did well in

B、was poor at

C、was working

D、was good for

正确答案:A

19、阅读B-31题干中材料,完成本题。

B-34. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、was angry

B、thought hard

C、agreed

D、said “No.”

正确答案:C

20、阅读B-31题干中材料,完成本题。

B-35. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、a little

B、a few

C、many  

D、a lot

正确答案:D

21、阅读B-31题干中材料,完成本题。

B-36. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、rest

B、sleep

C、hospital

D、work

正确答案:C

22、阅读B-31题干中材料,完成本题。

B-37. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、should

B、would 

C、to

D、not to

正确答案:D

23、阅读B-31题干中材料,完成本题。

B-38. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、to remember 

B、to forget

C、to catch 

D、to teach

正确答案:B

24、阅读B-31题干中材料,完成本题。

B-39. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、slept

B、went out

C、cooked

D、ate

正确答案:B

25、阅读B-31题干中材料,完成本题。

B-40. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A、reading

B、seeing  

C、cooking

D、writing

正确答案:C

26、B-41到B-45是5个英文句子,针对每个英文句子有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出翻译的最佳选项。

B-41. She bought several clothes shops and prepared to build up a chain.

A、她盘下了几家服装店,并且打算再开一家新的分店。

B、她买下了几家服装店,并且准备建立连锁店。

C、她把几家商店的衣服都买下来了,衣服多的像链条一样挂满了屋子。

D、她买下了几家服装店.并且想再买一条项链。

正确答案:B

27、B-42. Compared with the developed countries, some African countries are left far behind in terms of people’ s living standard.

A、与发达国家相比,一些非洲国家在人民生活水平上还相差甚远。

B、相比较发展过的国家,一些非洲国家的人民生活水平远远落后。

C、与发达国家相比,在人民生活水平方面一些国家很落后。

D、就人民生活水平而言,一些非洲国家被落在了发达国家后面。

正确答案:A

28、B-43. No matter how long or short the letter is, what really counts is that it’ s heart-warming.

A、不管信是多么长,人心是不可计数的。

B、信的长短无所谓,真正可以计数的是它能温暖人心。

C、信的长短无所谓,关键是它能温暖人心。

D、不管信是长还是短,真正重要的是它能温暖人心。

正确答案:C

29、B-44. Electronic computers, which have many advantages, cannot carry out creative work and replace man.

A、尽管电子计算机有许多优点,可是它不能理解创造性工作,也不能代替人类。

B、有许多优点的电子计算机也不能代替人类去做创造性工作。 

C、电子计算机有很多缺点,既不能进行创造性工作,也不能代替人类。 

D、尽管电子计算机有许多优点,可是它不能进行创造性工作.也不能代替人类。

正确答案:D

30、B-45. It must be admitted that a good deal of dissatisfaction is reflected in those report.

A、它必须被承认,也就是说这些报道反应了很多不满情绪。 

B、必须承认,这些报道反应了很多不满情绪。

C、我们必须承认,这些报道确实反应了很多潜在的不满情绪。

D、这些报道反映出很多不满情绪的这个事实是应该被承认的。

正确答案:B

二、江苏开放大学大学英语b1第二次形考作业综合题答案23年秋

1、B-Passage One

阅读所给材料。短文后有5个问题,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

         The latest in cat research reveals that the lovely animal seems to have a basic grasp on both the laws of physics and the ins and outs  of cause and effect.

          According to a newly published study, cats seem to be able to predict the location of hiding prey(猎物)using both their ears and an inborn(天生的) understanding off how the physical world works.

         In a recent experiment, Japanese researchers taped 30 domestic cats reacting to a container that a team member shook. Some containers rattled (发出响声);others did not. When the container was tipped over, sometimes an object fell out and sometimes it didn’t.

         It turns out that the cats were remarkably smart about what would happen when a container was tipped over. When an object did not drop out of the bottom of a rattling container, they looked at it for a longer time than they did when the container behaved as expected.

        “Cats use a causal-logical understanding of noise or sounds to predict the appearance of invisible objects,”lead researcher Saho Takagi says in a press release. The researchers conclude that cats’ hunting style may have developed based on their common-sense abilities to infer where prey is, using their hearing.

        Scientists have explored this idea with other endearing creatures: babies. Like cats, babies appear to engage in what’s called “preferential looking”—looking longer at things that are interesting or unusual than things they perceive as normal.

         When babies’ expectations are violated in experiments like the ones performed with the cats, they react much like their animal friends. Psychologists have shown that babies apparently expect their world to comply with the laws of physics and cause and effect as early as two months of age.

         Does the study mean that cats will soon grasp the ins and outs of cause and effect? Maybe. Okay, so cats may not be the next physics faculty members at America’s most important research universities. But by demonstrating their common sense, they’ve shown that the divide between cats and humans may not be that great after all.

1、What do we learn from a newly published study about cats?

A、They can be trained to understand the physical world.

B、They know what kind of prey might be easier to hunt.

C、They have a natural ability to locate animals they hunt.

D、They are capable of telling which way their prey flees.

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