2024年春江苏开放大学综合英语进阶形考作业四高分答案

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一、2024年春江苏开放大学综合英语进阶形考作业四填空题答案

1、D1. Fill in the blanks with the words or expressions given in a word bank below. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each blank.

A.   As is the caseB.   portrayC.   complimentD. persist inE.   conscientious
F.   isolated fromG. twistedH.   have relevance toI.   afflicted byJ.   embarked on

1. Accurate and inaccurate information is mixed and it is not easy to tell what has been ()and what has not.

2. The school provides courses that ()the workplace and what student will do in the future.

3.  Some people () a traditional view that language learning is essentially the same as the learning of grammar or language rules.

4. ()with most children, Tony likes to play with small animals.

5. They put the old lady in nursing homes, ()family warmth and contact.

6. The director needed an actress who could ()Audrey Hepburn.

7. He has been ()a horrible disease, from which one of his friends died.

8. Praise must be given to () the students who perform up to expectations.

9. The movie presents Lincoln as a strong-willed, () man who led the US through political crisis.

10. Most of the students have ()sustained further study.

学生答案:G;H;D;A;F;B;I;C;E;J

2、D2. Read the passage and select one word for each blank. 

A.   thrillB.   surroundsC.   ofD.   comesE. internationally
F.   lessonsG.   eventuallyH.   terrificI.   forwardJ.   overwhelming

Celebrities are people just like the rest of us. They’re 1() famous, but their lives are also filled with ups and downs, tragedies and triumphs. Their committed spirit will surely lift us up and teach us valuable life 2(). Similarly, their generous and compassionate character will also give us an empowering sense of hope that if they can do it, so can we.

In the rosy glow that 3() the world of Hollywood celebrities are stories of struggles and battles with life-crippling conditions. Many celebrities repeatedly try their utmost to beat the odds of their own lives, though on the surface we see their natural intelligence instantly 4()audiences. Celebrities like Oprah Winfrey are hugely popular for turning their lives around with hard work and 5() talent. However, there are those who you never thought had their own struggles.

Jim Carrey may be the world’s most famous rags-to-riches actor, and he lived in 6()misery when he was younger. He worked at a tire factory eight hours a day to help his family with the bills. Because 7() his family’s desperate reality of poverty, he dropped out of high school. Mark Wahlberg, another well-known actor, also grew up in a physically dangerous neighborhood where stealing and dealing drugs were part of the day-to-day scene. He 8()led that kind of lifestyle. He had been in trouble 20-25 times in his young and finally he was sent to jail and stayed there for 45 days. After that, he decided to improve his behavior and gradually rectified the situation and achieved today’s success.

Life does not discriminate among the type of people when it 9() to personal setbacks and obstacles. Struggles and hardships happen to everyone, ordinary people and celebrities alike. It is most important to get through the emotionally draining life by looking 10() , drawing courage to face the odds and hope for the best.

学生答案:E;F;B;A;H;J;C;G;D;I

3、D3. Reading comprehension. Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.

Every dream is a message from your unconscious self, expressed in a code which only you can understand and interpret. The images, colors, moods and terms of your dreams depend upon your own culture, upbringing, slang and your own understanding of things and values. Dreaming is like looking into a mirror and seeing yourself with your own eyes.

The first dreams which we have after falling asleep often revolve around the day’s events. We go through them, sorting out and discarding things we don’t need to remember and gaining insight into those that we do. Often, we are inspired with suggestions that we can use to remedy the situations that plague us by day. As we progress through the night’s dreams, they may take up more fantastic qualities, offering fanciful experiences. These often pleasant images can relieve the stress of the day. But the dream we have just before the awakening often contains the information the subconscious mind wants to make known to the conscious. And this information, if remembered, interpreted, and understood, can serve as an important tool in our lives.

Depending upon the content, dreams can strike us with their peculiarity, or sometimes even their alarming nature. Some dreams haunt us for years, not only because of their persistence, but also primarily because we cannot explain or understand them. Other dreams stand out with the weird mixture of images, emotions and context, which make us remember them for life. Recurring dreams are quite common, and we usually have them when a certain life situation repeats, or we are facing the same problem over and over again. A recurring dream is often a sign of some emotional weakness in our nature, which causes us problems over the years.

Lucid dreams are rare, but they are all about people’s ability to control their dreams. In such a dream, the dreamer becomes consciously aware that she or he is dreaming and is able to use the memory and participate in dream actions and emotions. Lucid dreams are usually enhanced in a sensory and imaginary way, and sometimes can be accompanied by pleasant music. People can lean the techniques of controlling their dreams. Some historic manuscripts and records say that the ability to control dreams helps a person to reach a higher degree of mind development.

1. Why is it only the dreamer himself who can understand his dreams?()

A) Dreams are always based on the dreamer’s deep feelings.

B) Dreams are expressed in a code only the dreamer can understand.

C) Dreams are always something related to the dreamer’s upbringing.

D) Dreams are related to the dreamer’s personal conditions.

2. According to the second paragraph, dreams()

A) are always about the day’s events, sorted out by the dreamer one by one

B) are primarily meant to relieve the stress of the day

C) are important at the stage just before you wake up

D) move from different stages, each with different functions

3. What triggered recurring dreams? ()

A) A repetition of an event, a problem or emotional weakness.

B) A certain life situation that causes us stress.

C) Our fanciful experiences.

D) Our fantastic qualities.

4. The word “lucid” (Para.4) probably means ()

A) highly conscious

B) understandable

C) easy to remember

D) clearly presented

5. It can be concluded from the passage that dreams offer us the potential to()

A) predict the future

B) improve our consciousness

C) improve our imagination

D) understand ourselves

学生答案:D;B;A;A;B

4、D4. Passage Two. Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.

Shoppers on Black Friday, the traditional start of the holiday shopping season in America, are very aggressive. Some even start queuing outside stores before dawn to be the first to lay their hands on heavily discounted goods. Despite the frenzy(疯狂) at many stores, however, the recession appears to have accelerated the pace at which shoppers are abandoning bricks and mortar(实体店) in favor of online retailers — e-tailers. So this year Black Friday also marks the start of many conventional retailers’ attempts to regain the initiative.

E-commerce holds particular appeal in straitened times as it enables people to compare prices across retailers quickly and easily. Buyers can sometimes avoid local sales taxes online, and shipping is often free. No wonder, then, that online shopping continues to grow even as the offline sort shrinks.

The shift in spending to the internet is good news for companies like P&G that lack retail outlets of their own. But it is a big concern for brick-and-mortar retailers, whose prices are often higher than those of e-tailers, since they must bear the extra expense of running stores. Happily, however, conventional retailers are in a better position to fight back than last year, when overstocking forced them to resort to destructive discounting.

The most obvious response to the growth of e-tailing is for conventional retailers to redouble their own efforts online. The online arms of big retailers are performing well, on the whole.

Retailers are also trying to make shopping seem fun and exciting to act against the economic gloom. One common tactic is to set up “pop-up”stores, which appear for a short time before vanishing again, to foster a sense of novelty (新奇) and urgency.

Shoppers are increasingly looking for an “experience” when they go to stores,says Jack Anderson of Hornall Anderson, a branding and marketing firm, and are no longer interested in purely “transaction-based bricks and mortar stores”. Apple, which encourages customers to try out its devices in its stores, is considered a pioneer of this strategy, and has attracted many imitators. Stores are also trying to lure customers by offering services that are not available online. Best Buy, a consumer-electronics retailer, has started selling music lessons along with its musical instruments. The idea is to bring people back to its shops regularly, increasing the likelihood that they will develop the habit of shopping there.

1.The recession of stores appears to have accelerated because()

A) stores refuse to give heavy discounts

B) more shoppers turn to online shopping

C) buyers are tired of queuing outside stores

D) customers are not confident in the economy

2.Why is online shopping appealing to customers?()

A) Goods sold online tend to be of higher quality.

B) Online shoppers do not have to pay purchase tax.

C) Many online retailers offer free delivery of goods.

D) Prices are often the lowest for the same goods.

3. What is said about brick-and-mortar stores in the third paragraph?()

A) They start to set up their own online stores.

B) They hold a better situation than last year.

C) They make more profits from higher prices.

D) They are not faced with the problem of overstock.

4. According to the passage, retailers launched “pop-up” stores to()

A) offer shoppers new and exciting experiences

B) cut down the extra expense of running stores

C) attract customers with destructive discounting

D) let customers learn about their products online

5. What does Best Buy do to win customers back from online retailers?()

A) It encourages consumers to try out its instruments.

B) It provides regular customers with shuttle services.

C) It enables customers to shop via their cell phones.

D) It sells music lessons together with its instruments.

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